Vinyl plank flooring is one of the easiest floorings to install—one of the many perks that makes it so popular. So, if you are one of the avid DIYers installing vinyl plank flooring all by yourself, first of all, best of luck! Secondly, you need to know how to stagger vinyl plank flooring before you start laying those planks. Otherwise, you will end up with a questionable installation that not only looks awkward but might be structurally weak as well.
And this is why we have created this in-depth, step-by-step guide on how to stagger vinyl plank flooring so your installation will look pro. Let’s get into it.
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Why Stagger Vinyl Plank Flooring?
Before we dive deep into how to stagger vinyl plank flooring, let’s discuss why you need to stagger vinyl plank flooring. The planks are all the same size. Just lay them over the subfloor and get it over with, right? No.
There is more to why you need to stagger vinyl plank flooring than just the aesthetics. The main benefits of staggering vinyl plank flooring are –
An appropriately staggered vinyl plank flooring adds to the structural strength of the floor, especially in floating installation. It also distributes the weight more evenly, making your floor more resistant to regular wear and tear.
The end joints are the weakest points of the floor. When you lay the planks regularly, you often end up with the seams lined up. This creates a structural instability, and your installation will eventually lift and split up.
Creates a natural look
Vinyl plank flooring is preferred for its close resemblance to hardwood floors. Real hardwood floors have staggered seams naturally, as the planks are not of the same size. Staggering the vinyl planks gives it a more natural look. Also, our eyes are naturally drawn to patterns and shapes. Randomizing the seams helps break the line and doesn’t draw unnecessary attention.
Makes vinyl more water-resistant
Vinyl plank flooring is known for its incredible water resistance. A staggered installation minimizes water absorption through the seams and prevents pooling—further adding to the vinyl’s natural water resistance.
How to Stagger Vinyl Plank Flooring: Step by step
Step 1: Calculate the number of vinyl planks needed
Measure the width of the room where you will be laying the planks. Divide the number by the width of your vinyl plank, giving you the number of complete rows of vinyl plank needed. Now, take the length of the room and divide it by the length of the planks. This will give you the approximate number of planks in a row and the total number of planks needed.
Also, determine the correct size of the planks in the first and last rows and cut them accordingly. If the width of the last row is less than the width of the plank, divide the width by two. This will be the final width of your first and last row. Laying the planks this way creates symmetry and makes your installation look seamless.
For example, if the width of the room comes to 166 inches and your plank width is 6 inches. So, 166/6 = 27 remainder 4. Your floor will have 27 full planks with 4 inches left over. So your first and last row will be 2 inches wide.
Step 2: Determine the correct stagger spacing
Establishing the optimal spacing between plank endpoints is crucial to stagger vinyl plank flooring correctly. Here’s a clearer explanation of how to calculate this spacing:
- Measure the length of the room using a tape measure. For example, let’s say the room measures 288 inches in length.
- Divide this room length by the full plank length. If the entire plank is 36 inches long, you’d calculate 288 inches / 36 inches = 8.
- Evaluate the result against the ideal stagger spacing, typically 6 inches or as the manufacturer recommends. In our example, 8 is greater than 6 inches, indicating that you should start the first row with a whole plank.
- If the result is smaller than the ideal 6-inch spacing, cut 12 inches (or 1/3rd of the entire plank length) and use this cut piece to start the first row.
Step 3: Mix up planks of different color gradients
Remove the vinyl planks from their packaging in the room where you install the flooring. It’s essential to mix the planks from different packages.
Here’s why: when you buy planks from different production batches, there can be subtle color variations. Mixing them during installation prevents the situation where one side of the room features noticeably lighter Chestnut Brown while the other side appears significantly darker. This ensures a more consistent and visually appealing appearance across your entire floor.
Step 4: Lay the first row
Start by selecting the first plank from your stack. Use a utility knife to remove the tongue from this plank. Place the plank with the side that had the tongue facing the wall.
While installing the vinyl planks, ensure a 1/4-inch gap between the planks and the adjacent walls. This space is necessary to accommodate the potential expansion and contraction of the planks. The additional space prevents the buckling of the planks.
After laying the first plank, continue adding the subsequent ones until you’ve covered the entire wall length.
Tip: If the last plank in the row is less than 6 inches in width, trim a small section from the first plank to ensure the last piece in the row is longer than 6 inches. Keep the trimmed-off sections, as they can be used to start subsequent rows.
Step 5: Install the second row
Now, use the leftover plank from the first row to begin the second row. Place it with one end at least 6 inches away from the nearest joint in the first row. This staggered layout ensures the joints don’t align, creating a more natural look.
When you reach the end of the second row, cut a plank to fit the remaining space. Do not use the offcut from the second row to start the third row, as this would create a repeating pattern you want to avoid.
Step 6: Continue laying the rest of the flooring
Cut a full plank into a random length to start the third row, ensuring a minimum 6-inch spacing from the nearest joint. Be careful to avoid creating an H-joint.
Begin the fourth row with the offcut from the second row. You can use the offcut from the third row to start the fifth row. Cut a new plank to a random length to initiate the sixth row. Continue this pattern, using offcuts to start each subsequent row until you’ve covered the entire room with vinyl plank flooring.
Tips and Tricks on How to Stagger Vinyl Plank Flooring
Avoid H joints and step patterns
When it comes to arranging or staggering your vinyl planks, it’s crucial to prioritize randomness to avoid unwanted patterns like step patterns and H-joints, which are common errors in vinyl flooring installation.
An H-joint is a problematic scenario where, for instance, the end joint in the planks of the first row aligns with the end joint in the planks of the third row, forming an H-shaped pattern. This not only disrupts the floor’s visual appeal but also indicates an unprofessional installation. Furthermore, H-joints can create structural weak points, potentially leading to plank instability and separation in the future.
Another common mistake to be wary of is the step pattern, which occurs when the spacing between planks in the first and second rows repeats in the third row. This repetition creates a noticeable and unwanted regular pattern, in stark contrast to the desired outcome of a randomized, staggered layout. Prioritizing random placement is key to achieving a professional and visually pleasing vinyl plank floor.
Follow the spacing rules
Staggering vinyl planks primarily involves getting the spacing right. Once you’ve figured out the appropriate gap between the end joints of adjacent rows, you’re halfway there to master the art of arranging vinyl planks neatly.
In most cases, it’s advisable to maintain a distance the manufacturer recommends, typically 6 inches between the end joints of neighboring rows. This guideline is generally suitable for vinyl planks, which are typically 2 to 3 inches wide. However, if your planks happen to be wider, you have some flexibility. You can increase the spacing, with 8 inches being the preferred maximum. Going beyond 10 inches, though, raises the risk of creating unwanted H-joints in your flooring pattern.
Allow the planks to acclimate
Allowing vinyl planks to acclimate to the room before installation is crucial. This acclimatization period, typically lasting at least 48 hours, allows the planks to adjust to the temperature and humidity conditions of the room. Doing so prevents potential issues such as warping, expansion, or contraction of the planks after installation, which can lead to gaps or buckling.